Public health and Preventive Medicine
We often hear about hepatitis B, so how much do you know about the other types of viral hepatitis? Today we talk about viral hepatitis A ~
If you have the following symptoms, you may wish to pay attention to your liver ~
Hepatitis A is closely related to insufficient safe water, poor sanitation and poor personal hygiene habits. It spreads mainly through:
◎ Food-borne: Consumption of aquatic products (oysters, raccoons, clams, crabs, etc.), vegetables, and fruits contaminated with hepatitis A virus; prepare cold dishes and lettuce by hand with patients with hepatitis A or recessive infection; wash with water containing hepatitis A virus Raw food dishes can cause hepatitis A transmission.
◎ Water-borne: In places with poor management of faeces and water sources, especially after the rainstorm of the rainy season, faeces overflow the septic tank to pollute the water source, which may cause hepatitis A transmission.
◎ Transmission through daily life: In places with poor sanitary conditions and crowded living, patients can be directly or indirectly transmitted through hands, utensils, tableware, toys, clothes, etc. contaminated by feces.
◎ Other ways: Flies and cockroaches mechanically carry food contaminated with hepatitis A virus, which can also cause transmission of hepatitis A.
Therefore, it is important to close the "entry", ensure water or food hygiene, and do personal protection.
l Wash your hands before and after meals;
l Do not eat undercooked food;
l Do not drink raw water;
l Do not eat raw vegetables and unwashed fruits.
Anyone who has not been infected before or has not been vaccinated may be infected with the hepatitis A virus.
l Poor environmental sanitation
Lack of safe water
Living with infected people
What if you accidentally contract hepatitis A?
The early stage of acute hepatitis A should be hospitalized or in situ isolated for treatment.
Patients with an acute loss of appetite for acute hepatitis A should take light digestible food, and those who have obvious loss of appetite or vomiting can inject 10% glucose intravenously.
l Drug treatment
At present, there is no obvious difference in the efficacy of Chinese and Western medicines for the treatment of acute hepatitis A. Depending on the source of the medicine, local and western medicines should be selected for appropriate local or western medicine for treatment. There should not be too many types of medication, and the time should not be too long. The medication should be simplified. Routine use of corticosteroids for acute hepatitis is not recommended.
Severe hepatitis A should strengthen care, closely observe the changes in the condition, take comprehensive measures such as blocking hepatocyte necrosis, promoting liver cell regeneration, preventing and treating various complications, and supportive therapies to block the deterioration of the condition.